In their study of the overrepresentation of Indigenous adults in Canada, New Zealand, and Australia, Jeffries and Stenning (2014) found that sentencing contributes little to the over-incarceration of Indigenous adults compared to decisions of police and prosecutors in the process, and the social conditions of Indigenous people. The memo states the watchdog is “concerned by … “We also hope the (Six Nations police) will immediately start working with the Six Nations Elected Council and Hereditary Council to find new practices that will restore police legitimacy in the community, not only in the way they respond to complaints, but also in the way they police,” Friedman said. Footnote 10 At the same time, Indigenous youth accounted for 50% of custody admissions, ... including policing, the courts and in corrections has been identified as a serious issue by the Supreme Court (e.g., R v Gladue, Footnote 17 R v Wells, Footnote 18 and R v Ipeelee Footnote 19) and by several commissions of inquiry for well over 30 years. • They will give Aboriginal people confidence that the police force is interested in them. She added that while some communities might choose to opt into already existing oversight bodies like the OIPRD, this should not be the default, as trusting outside agencies “has not always worked well for Indigenous peoples.”, “I strongly believe that Indigenous communities can identify and develop their own responsive and culturally appropriate solutions,” Loft said. The NSW police commissioner, Mick Fuller, has previously said Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people made up about 55% of those – including adults – on an STMP. Tamar Friedman, a Toronto lawyer representing the men, said it’s not clear who was interviewed, what documents were reviewed or how the police service came to its decision. Dallas Porter said the Six Nations Police Service officer grabbed him and slammed him onto the ground. His report recommended the province consider expanding the mandates of the SIU and OIPRD to include First Nations policing, “subject to the opting in of individual First Nations.”. Later that month, the men were advised their complaints had been dismissed, without them ever being interviewed. When the new policing legislation comes into force — the regulations are still being drafted and there is no timeline — it will establish the Law Enforcement Complaints Agency (LECA), replacing the OIPRD. Allegations of police use of force against Indigenous people happen “way more often than the public even knows about,” Laming said. Suddenly, the teen’s life was in peril. “We also hope the (Six Nations police) will immediately start working with the Six Nations Elected Council and Hereditary Council to find new practices that will restore police legitimacy in the community, not only in the way they respond to complaints, but also in the way they police,” Friedman said. “I am dismissing this claim that you were treated inappropriately or unlawfully when you were arrested,” Smoke wrote in a letter addressed to Ryan Davis and reviewed by the Star. What processes were used to respond to offending by Indigenous and non-Indigenous young people and was there disp… The plan also puts extreme strain on family relationships. “As a member of this community, I deserve the right to feel safe and protected by our police service. “Dallas could have died, easily, the second that somebody put his face into the ground,” said Alyziah Styres, who listened as Porter struggled to breathe in the back of a police car, his tracheostomy tube partially obstructed. It was at this point that P placed L underarrest for offensive language. Among the measures announced at a press conference Friday is funding to enable members of Indigenous police services to stay in their communities while taking specialized training courses around conjugal violence and sexual “After the police slammed me into the floor I was then stood up and slammed into the wall.”. Through consultation with Indigenous communities, Tulloch said the “desire for appropriate civilian oversight of First Nations policing is clear.”. NSW Police policy found to destructively target Indigenous youth A NSW Police policy that aims to predict and prevent future crime is causing serious harm to Aboriginal youth and has no evidence of … But what that looks like — whether it be an oversight body, community council, a commissioner or ombudsperson — should depend on each community’s distinct needs. The study addressed three research questions: 1. It will also create a new oversight option called the inspector general, which will monitor and inspect police services and boards, including those in First Nations communities that have opted in. According to a spokesperson for the Ministry of the Solicitor General, incoming changes to Ontario’s policing legislation will create civilian police oversight of officers employed by First Nation boards that choose to opt in. “This lack of oversight and accountability can only embolden (Six Nations Police) officers to participate in further abuse,” Friedman said. ... social workers and youth workers. Over half (57%) of First Nations children in census metropolitan areas (CMAs) were living in low-income economic families, as were 45% of Inuit children and 42% of Métis children. Newspapers Limited, One Yonge Street, 4th floor, Toronto, ON, M5E 1E6, Athabasca Chipewyan First Nation Chief Allan Adam. The coming into force of the Act affirms the inherent right of First Nation, Inuit and Métis communities to move forward with legislation to exercise jurisdiction over child and family services at a pace that they choose. The 98% — over-policing, suicide and Aboriginal youth in the NT Most young people in custody in the NT are on remand, the consequences of which – social isolation, family and community fracture, stigmatisation, disrupted education, cultural and work opportunities – … Suddenly, the teen’s life was in peril. Meanwhile, Styres and the Davises — all of whom were arrested and charged under the Cannabis Act, although the charges against Porter and Styres have been stayed — could have lodged complaints with the Office of the Independent Police Review Director (OIPRD), the province’s civilian police complaints agency. They are more visible because of their use of public space and often come from communities where over-policing has a longstanding history. Porter said his ordeal began with an Oct. 9, 2019, raid of an alleged cannabis dispensary on Six Nations of the Grand River territory. “Six Nations Police smashed my face into the ground multiple times,” Porter said in a written summary of the incident, prepared for the Six Nations Confederacy Council. Where suspected offenders appear to lack community ties, such as * Notes: 1. To order “They’re untouchable,” Mike Davis, who was among the group arrested, said of the Six Nations police in a recent interview. The survivor of a past suicide attempt, Porter, 19, requires a tracheostomy tube to breathe. By Wendy Gillis Staff Reporter. Children as young as 10 are on a ‘secret police blacklist’ which harms Aboriginal youth, their families, and communities and is proven to not effectively combat crime, new research has revealed. Dallas Porter said the Six Nations Police Service officer grabbed him and slammed him onto the ground. According to Turtle Island News, the council said in May that there are several concerns about the police service, ranging from ignored emails to community complaints about a problem with the Six Nations police culture. Typical offenders include Indigenous Australians who are heavily over­ represented for the offence, and the victim is usually a police officer. ignoring First Nations goes far beyond cannabis: It flies in the face of established Aboriginal Rights and Title in Canada, Coalition of officers raids Benally’s hemp farms, Local marijuana dispensary hitting the market in November, Athabasca Chipewyan First Nation Chief Allan Adam, Six Nations People’s Cannabis Coalition creates interim agreement, 6 shops open, 31 more to come, Ojibway man faces ongoing harassment from UCCM police, Former national chief says First Nations leadership have ‘no authority’ over cannabis dispensaries, A dream comes true: The Ranch provides Batchewana with fresh grown food and cannabis as a medicine, Staff members beaten by Police during violent raid at Six Nations dispensary [Video], 4% of Canadian cannabis licensees Indigenous-affiliated, with systemic barriers ‘baked into system’, Mohawks of the Bay of Quinte push back on annual Cannabis Cup, detours in place on Highway 49, Canada’s cannabis pardon program is failing. Amid a national reckoning about policing, in the wake of two recent fatal police shootings of Indigenous people in New Brunswick and the violent arrest of Athabasca Chipewyan First Nation Chief Allan Adam, the men are speaking out about what they say is a lack of accountability for police actions in their home territory. POLICING INDIGENOUS AUSTRALIANS Arrest as a method of oppression. He and Davis said officers refused to get the backpack containing Q-tips needed to clear Porter’s breathing tube. “The exclusion of First Nations policing from civilian oversight results in many First Nations communities not having access to the same oversight mechanisms as other Ontarians,” Tulloch wrote. The absence of civilian police oversight in First Nations communities has been well documented, most recently by Ontario Court of Appeal Justice Michael Tulloch in his 2016 review of police oversight. Share. Importantly, she said, Indigenous communities must be supported, including financially, to develop whatever system is best. Dallas Porter said the Six Nations Police Service officer grabbed him and slammed him onto the ground. Instead, there has been “complete lack of accountability” surrounding what she called a disturbing use of excessive force. Friedman is still asking Six Nations police to allow an outside body to investigate her clients’ complaints. From thestar.com Original Article by Wendy Gillis June 28 2020, For more background on this story see Dispensing Freedom’s previous coverage here. The absence of civilian police oversight in First Nations communities has been well documented, most recently by Ontario Court of Appeal Justice Michael Tulloch in his 2016 review of police oversight. With no options available, the men asked Six Nations police to bring in a third party, such as an outside police service, to investigate. A police quota for search warrants in far west NSW has drawn concern about possible over-policing of Indigenous people and communities. Over-policing and under-policing are different sides of the same coin. If it shifts or becomes blocked it could obstruct his airway, causing him to suffocate. The plan contributed to detrimental social outcomes for the young people in our study. Although that may mean good news in the future, it doesn’t help the men from Six Nations. They have often been sparked by crisis and they have highlighted inequities, and sometimes gross misconduct, in relations between Indigenous Peoples and policing and justice … The three other men who were arrested say they were also roughed up and remain traumatized by the incident, especially police treatment of Porter. Suddenly, the teen’s life was in peril. Porter said his ordeal began with an Oct. 9, 2019, raid of an alleged cannabis dispensary on Six Nations of the Grand River territory. According to a spokesperson for the Ministry of the Solicitor General, incoming changes to Ontario’s policing legislation will create civilian police oversight of officers employed by First Nation boards that choose to opt in. Factors such as the utilisation of police discretion on the street, over-policing, police-youth conflict and racism have been ignored (O'Connor 1994 page 210, Naffine et al 1990) although they are the very issues likely to lead to disproportionate criminalisation of Indigenous young people (Cunneen 1994). In Simmons, (2009 p1) findings on over-policing did point that those likely to enter in jail among the indigenous community are likely to have been cases of alcohol and drug abuse linking these to indigenous population over-representation in jail among minor issue like street offensive language. Applicants are Indigenous youth who are college or university students and interested in becoming police officers. rights reserved. Employment. Meanwhile, Edmonton city council approved a motion in early July that included cutting the police service’s budget by $11 million over the next two years amid weeks of debate around police … Importantly, she said, Indigenous communities must be supported, including financially, to develop whatever system is best. “There’s definitely been some frustration. “They’re untouchable,” Mike Davis, who was among the group arrested, said of the Six Nations police in a recent interview. For more background on this story see Dispensing Freedom’s previous coverage here. NSW Police accused of ‘racist policing’, as Indigenous youth comprise more than half of those targeted by obscure Suspect Target Management Program (STMP). “They are investigating themselves and I fear that this incident will get dismissed, as it is not being taken seriously,” Porter wrote in a letter to the council in March. Non-Indigenous police 'over-criminalized' Cree youth in Quebec, inquiry hears . Amid a national reckoning about policing, in the wake of two recent fatal police shootings of Indigenous people in New Brunswick and the violent arrest of Athabasca Chipewyan First Nation Chief Allan Adam, the men are speaking out about what they say is a lack of accountability for police actions in their home territory. To order copies of Offensive language is punishable without needing to constitute a breach of the peace. "The institution of policing has for historical reasons adopted a number of practices, which are injurious to Indigenous peoples in this country, hence their over-representation in arrest and custody rates, leading to their over-representation in jail populations," he said. The survivor of a past suicide attempt, Porter, 19, requires a tracheostomy tube to breathe. WARNING: This story contains graphic details that may disturb some readers. They said when police refused, they turned to the Six Nations Confederacy Council. Regarding the youth’s 12 December 2020 arrest and subsequent detention at the Hobart Reception Prison, Tasmania Police is not aware of any such medical episode. Here’s why, Indigenous cannabis dispensary grows in popularity after raids, BONOKOSKI: Not all First Nations are battening down the COVID-19 hatches, SNGR takes moment of silence ahead of general council; discussions on cannabis, elections and staffing changes, Confirmed Raids on Indigenous Dispensaries since Canadian legalization, Mississauga of Rice Lake Cannabis Association, Association of Canadian Cannabis Retailers, Federation of Sovereign Indigenous Nations, North Shore Anishinabek Cannabis Association. “Sometimes at the Queensland youth detention centre here in Townsville, we have 60 to 70 per cent Indigenous people—there’s obviously a reason. The three other men who were arrested say they were also roughed up and remain traumatized by the incident, especially police treatment of Porter. Indigenous youth wonder: who is policing First Nations’ police? Porter, who is not involved with the dispensary and arrived only moments before police, suffered a broken nose. The 98% — over-policing, suicide and Aboriginal youth in the NT. A major inquiry will examine the files of 250 Aboriginal children and young people in the state’s youth justice system to establish why Indigenous young people are so heavily over-represented. First Nations police services are often staffed by Indigenous officers, though not exclusively. This is compared to 21% of non-Aboriginal children in CMAs Footnote 16, Footnote 17. It’s a difficult role to be in. His friend, Ryan Davis, was diagnosed with a concussion after he says he was punched in the head by an officer — “I remember saying, ‘Stop, you’re hurting me,’ like screaming (it),” Davis said. I was like, ‘How is this right’?”. Each feeds upon the other to perpetuate systemic discrimination and negative stereotypes regarding Aboriginal people (2007, 64). Canadians have a largely favourable view of police in their communities but Indigenous people, members of visible minority groups and younger … The crisis of Aboriginal over-incarceration in Canada is one of the most well-documented features of our Criminal Justice System. “Six Nations Police smashed my face into the ground multiple times,” Porter said in a written summary of the incident, prepared for the Six Nations Confederacy Council. Abstract. • They will be excellent role models for Aboriginal youth. Claudianna Blanco. If the OIPRD or SIU had been investigating, the complainants would have been interviewed and there would be a detailed report explaining the process and the outcome, she said. Dallas Porter said the Six Nations Police Service officer grabbed him and slammed him onto the ground. But if you compare fines issued based on traffic camera incidents, the proportions are almost even. Amanda Porter, a criminologist and researcher at the Melbourne Law School, says over-policing of Aboriginal youth is directly reflected in detention, bail and remand statistics. Rastafarians march for access to cannabis industry, B.C. United in anger, the men launched complaints about their treatment by officers — but soon realized there was nowhere to turn except the police force itself. This woman, who I’ll call Grace, was 23 years old. read. “I also fear that the Six Nations police will do this to someone else, and the next person might not be so lucky.”. It’s critical that he avoid lying on his stomach — precisely what he says he was forced to do by police. He and Davis said officers refused to get the backpack containing Q-tips needed to clear Porter’s breathing tube. - Indigenous youth are vastly over-represented at all stages in the criminal justice system of Canada and are more likely to be sentenced to prison and receive longer sentences regardless of criminal history and offence severity. The Youth Take Charge Program aims to strengthen youth attachment to Canada through engagement. JOIN THE CONVERSATION Toronto could significantly cut police spending and reduce the over-policing of Black and Indigenous people by removing officers from … LGBTQ2S+ Community The VPD LGBTQ2S+ Liaison Officer works with community agencies to improve the safety of LGBTQ2S+ people in our city, which is the goal of the Safe Place program. It was midnight, and I was driving her home at the end of her shift because dangers—both canine and human—rendered it unsafe for our civilian staff members to walk home alone after dark. • When making an arrest, Aboriginal police should be better able to make certain that Aboriginal people understand what will happen in various court proceedings. However, not all have come to accept that it is a concern. Instead, there has been “complete lack of accountability” surrounding what she called a disturbing use of excessive force. Like many of Ontario’s First Nations communities, Six Nations is outside the jurisdiction of the province’s police watchdogs. “I just want justice, and that’s something that hasn’t been on this reserve for a very long time, if ever,” said Mike Davis. As Figure 2 below shows, of the 41 STMP targets current at 30 June 2014 across the five LACs for which data is available, 22 (54%) were identified as Aboriginal peoples, again suggesting Aboriginal peoples are over represented as targets of policing via the STMP. By the time L was in police custody… She had recently returned to the reserve … This is true in both the adult and youth justice spheres. “In doing this, communities will have ownership over their information, processes, decisions and outcomes.”, Copyright owned or licensed by Toronto Star Newspapers Limited. From thestar.com Original Article by Wendy Gillis June 28 2020. Aboriginal youth are overrepresented in Ontario correctional facilities at a much higher rate than Aboriginal adults. Through consultation with Indigenous communities, Tulloch said the “desire for appropriate civilian oversight of First Nations policing is clear.”. High profile instances of police brutality against Black, Indigenous and racialized people, from the killing of Andrew Evans in 1978 to the killing of D’Andre Campbell, Chantel Moore and Ejaz Ahmed Choudry this year are not independent incidents, but part of this long-standing trend. Indigenous policing and reconciliation. However, I am left feeling violated by the very people who are supposed to be safeguarding our community,” Ryan Davis wrote in a complaint to former Six Nations Police Chief Glen Lickers late last year. One suggested cause is the provocative over-policing of Indigenous people and the use of police discretion to arrest and charge, often through the use of the so-called ‘trifecta’ of charges – whereby police will approach an Indigenous person about their use of offensive language, and the abrasiveness of the confrontation will cause the situation to escalate and result in charges of resisting arrest and assaulting police. Toronto Star articles, please go to: www.TorontoStarReprints.com, The Toronto Star and thestar.com, each property of Toronto Star United in anger, the men launched complaints about their treatment by officers — but soon realized there was nowhere to turn except the police force itself. Indigenous youth wonder: who is policing First Nations’ police? Over the past 30 years, a number of commissions and inquiries have had an impact on policing in Indigenous communities and on the relationships between Indigenous communities and the criminal justice system. Lance Carr (L), a young Indigenous Australian man, was arrested for offensivelanguage. First Nations police services are often staffed by Indigenous officers, though not exclusively. While recent sentencing amendments and Supreme Court decisions have led to a lowering of the overall jail population, the drop in Aboriginal admissions is much smaller than that of non-Aboriginal admissions. By News Editor on June 28, 2020. Stacia L. Loft, who served as an elected band councillor for the Tyendinaga Mohawk Council, Mohawks of the Bay of Quinte, agreed that Indigenous people negatively affected by police interactions should have access to recourse. If the raid and arrests had occurred outside Six Nations’ territory, Porter’s injuries would have automatically prompted an investigation by the Special Investigations Unit (SIU), which probes serious injuries and deaths involving police. The survivor of a past suicide attempt, Porter, 19, requires a tracheostomy tube to breathe. The impact of over-policing has led to a great distrust of the police by Aboriginal people. Most Indigenous kids don’t do crime, this is an issue of over-policing,” he said. More than 300 children are on the NSW Police secret blacklist, half are Aboriginal and the youngest child targeted is nine years of age. 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